Simply Trees

Dwarf Indian Hawthorn

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Twice a monthFull sunSpring
  • Year-Round Appeal: Unlike many seasonal shrubs, Dwarf Umbellata Indian Hawthorn offers a year-round display of attractive dark green foliage and seasonal blooms, making it a perennial favorite.

  • Disease-Resistant: Known for its disease resistance, particularly against leaf spot and fire blight, this plant is an excellent choice for a healthier, low-maintenance garden.

  • Versatile Planting Options: Ideal for both in-ground and container planting, the Dwarf Indian Hawthorn can be incorporated into various garden designs and styles, from hedges to ornamental focal points.

More Details

Dwarf Indian Hawthorn, scientifically known as Rhaphiolepis umbellata 'Minor', is a stunning evergreen shrub perfect for low-maintenance landscapes. Celebrated for its year-round foliage and clusters of delicate white flowers, this dwarf variety is especially cherished for its compact form and resilience. With proper care, this hardy plant can flourish in various climates, becoming an invaluable asset for gardeners aiming for a blend of natural beauty and ease of care.

Growth rate: Moderate growth rate; matures to a height of 2-3 feet and a width of 3-4 feet.

Please note: Images on our website depict plants and trees at full maturity to showcase their expected grown characteristics. These images are illustrative examples only and do not represent the size of plants or trees upon delivery.

Pruning: Minimal pruning is generally needed, mainly to shape the plant or remove dead or damaged branches. Best done in late winter or early spring.

Fertilization: A balanced, slow-release fertilizer applied in early spring will support healthy growth and abundant flowering.

Winter Protection: In colder zones within its range, consider using mulch at the base or protective covers to guard against frost damage.


Choose a location with well-drained soil and exposure to full sun or partial shade. Enrich the soil with organic matter for better water retention and fertility. Dig a hole twice the width of the root ball and as deep. Position the plant in the hole, ensuring the top of the root ball is level with the ground. Backfill the hole, firming down the soil to remove air pockets. Water the plant thoroughly to establish good root-to-soil contact. Optional: Apply mulch around the base to help retain moisture and regulate soil temperature.

Dwarf Indian Hawthorn flourishes in full sun but can tolerate partial shade. Watering needs are moderate; keep the soil consistently moist but allow it to dry slightly between waterings.

We process and ship your order as quickly as possible, typically within 1-3 business days. You will receive a shipping confirmation with tracking information once your item(s) ship.

We have perfected packaging and shipping plants & trees! That is why we DO NOT use any third-party fulfillment like most other online retailers. Your trees go straight from our farm to your door, safely packaged by our team of seasoned professionals. Our process ensures your plants leave our facility and arrive to your door in the best condition possible!

In cases of extreme cold or hot weather, we may temporarily delay shipping to ensure the well-being of your plants. Our primary focus is on delivering healthy and thriving plants to you. Rest assured, we'll make every effort to notify you of any delays promptly.

Please allow additional ship times during inclement weather and sale periods. We do not process or ship orders on the weekend or U.S. Holidays. Simply Trees is not responsible for delays due to carriers, local disruptions, or weather.

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At Simply Trees, we're committed to your satisfaction. If your plants arrive considerably damaged or sustained damage beyond the point of recovery, please contact us within five days at sales@simplytrees.store with clear photos for assistance. Our 30-day guarantee covers issues after planting, subject to our terms and conditions. We can't cover plants in the wrong climate or with inadequate care, but we're here to help in other situations. For a detailed understanding of our 30-day guarantee and how we ensure a fair process, click here to learn more.

USDA GROW ZONE:

Zones 7-11

Dwarf Indian Hawthorn is highly adaptable and thrives in USDA Zones 7-11. The plant is frost-tolerant but will appreciate some winter protection in the colder parts of its range. In warmer zones, it’s an easy-care plant that requires minimal maintenance.

Frequently Asked Questions

Dwarf Indian Hawthorn typically grows to a compact size compared to other varieties of Indian Hawthorn. Here are the general size characteristics for Dwarf Indian Hawthorn:

Height: Dwarf Indian Hawthorn typically reaches a height of around 2 to 3 feet at maturity. This compact size makes it well-suited for smaller gardens, containers, or as a low hedge or border plant.

Width: The spread of Dwarf Indian Hawthorn is usually similar to its height, ranging from 2 to 3 feet. Its dense, mounding growth habit contributes to its overall compact appearance.

Growth Rate: As mentioned earlier, Dwarf Indian Hawthorn has a relatively slow to moderate growth rate, averaging around 6 to 12 inches per year under optimal conditions. This slower growth rate contributes to its compact size and manageable appearance.

Cultural Practices: Proper care and maintenance, including regular watering, fertilization, and pruning, can influence the ultimate size and appearance of Dwarf Indian Hawthorn. Pruning can help shape the plant and maintain its compact form, while providing adequate nutrients and water supports healthy growth.

Overall, Dwarf Indian Hawthorn is valued for its petite size, making it an excellent choice for smaller landscapes, urban gardens, or areas where space is limited. Its compact growth habit, combined with its attractive foliage and occasional blooms, adds beauty and interest to the garden without overwhelming the space.

Dwarf Indian Hawthorn is known for its relatively slow to moderate growth rate. On average, this shrub typically grows around 6 to 12 inches per year under optimal growing conditions.

Several factors can influence the growth rate of Dwarf Indian Hawthorn, including:

Climate: Growing conditions such as temperature, sunlight, and humidity can impact the growth rate of Dwarf Indian Hawthorn. It tends to grow more slowly in cooler climates or during periods of extreme weather.

Soil Quality: Soil fertility, texture, and drainage affect plant growth. Dwarf Indian Hawthorn prefers well-drained soil with adequate moisture and nutrients for optimal growth. Amending the soil with organic matter can improve its quality and support healthy growth.

Watering and Irrigation: Proper watering is crucial for promoting healthy growth in Dwarf Indian Hawthorn. Consistent moisture, especially during the establishment period, encourages root development and overall plant vigor.

Pruning: Pruning can influence the growth habit and size of Dwarf Indian Hawthorn. Regular maintenance pruning can help shape the plant and encourage branching, while excessive pruning may slow down growth temporarily.

Fertilization: Providing Dwarf Indian Hawthorn with a balanced fertilizer formulated for acid-loving plants can promote growth and overall health. However, avoid over-fertilization, as excessive nutrients can lead to lush foliage growth at the expense of flowering.

Overall, while Dwarf Indian Hawthorn may not grow as rapidly as some other shrub species, its slow to moderate growth rate is often desirable for landscape applications, as it allows for easier maintenance and long-term management of the plant's size and appearance.

The best place to plant Dwarf Indian Hawthorn depends on several factors, including sunlight exposure, soil conditions, and aesthetic preferences. Here are some guidelines to help you choose the ideal planting location:

Sunlight: Dwarf Indian Hawthorn thrives in full sun to partial shade. Choose a planting site that receives at least 4 to 6 hours of direct sunlight per day for optimal growth and flowering. However, it can tolerate partial shade, especially in hotter climates, where some afternoon shade may be beneficial to prevent leaf scorch.

Soil: Indian Hawthorn prefers well-drained soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH. Ensure the planting site has good drainage to prevent waterlogging. Amending the soil with organic matter can improve drainage and fertility.

Climate: Consider your local climate when selecting a planting location. Dwarf Indian Hawthorn is suitable for USDA hardiness zones 7 to 11, where it can withstand mild winters and hot summers. It may require additional protection in colder climates or during periods of extreme weather.

Space: Provide adequate space for Dwarf Indian Hawthorn to reach its mature size without overcrowding. Consider the plant's expected height and width at maturity when planning its location, and allow for sufficient room for growth and air circulation.

Landscape Design: Incorporate Dwarf Indian Hawthorn into your landscape design to enhance visual appeal and create a cohesive planting scheme. Plant it as a border or hedge along walkways or property boundaries, use it as a focal point in mixed borders or foundation plantings, or incorporate it into container gardens on patios or balconies.

Accessibility: Choose a planting location that is easily accessible for maintenance tasks such as watering, pruning, and fertilizing. Avoid planting Dwarf Indian Hawthorn near structures or utilities where its growth may cause obstructions or interference.

By considering these factors and selecting a suitable planting location, you can ensure that Dwarf Indian Hawthorn thrives and contributes to the beauty and vitality of your landscape for years to come.

When planting Dwarf Indian Hawthorn, spacing considerations are essential to ensure adequate room for growth and optimal aesthetic appeal. Here are some guidelines for spacing Dwarf Indian Hawthorn plants:

Spacing between Plants: For Dwarf Indian Hawthorn, aim to space individual plants approximately 2 to 3 feet apart. This spacing allows enough room for the shrubs to grow and spread without overcrowding, ensuring proper air circulation and reducing the risk of disease.

Consider Mature Size: Although Dwarf Indian Hawthorn varieties typically have a compact growth habit, it's essential to consider their mature size when determining spacing. Check the specific cultivar's expected width at maturity and adjust spacing accordingly to accommodate the full-grown plants.

Planting in Groups: To create a cohesive and visually appealing landscape design, consider planting Dwarf Indian Hawthorn in groups or clusters rather than as individual specimens. Groupings can help fill out the planting bed more quickly and create a more naturalistic look.

Allow for Other Plants: If incorporating other companion plants or ornamental features in the landscape bed, ensure adequate spacing between Dwarf Indian Hawthorn and neighboring plants to prevent overcrowding and competition for resources.

By spacing Dwarf Indian Hawthorn plants appropriately, you can promote healthy growth, enhance the aesthetic appeal of your landscape, and create a well-balanced planting design. Always refer to specific cultivar recommendations and consult with a local gardening expert for personalized advice based on your site conditions and preferences.

Indian Hawthorn is an evergreen shrub, meaning it retains its green foliage throughout the winter months in regions where it is hardy. The 'Minor' variety, specifically, maintains its glossy green leaves year-round, providing color and texture to the landscape even during the colder seasons.

However, it's important to note that the intensity of green foliage may vary slightly depending on environmental factors such as temperature, sunlight exposure, and soil conditions. In colder climates, Indian Hawthorn foliage may darken slightly or take on a purplish hue during winter months, but it typically remains evergreen and retains its overall green appearance.

Overall, Indian Hawthorn's evergreen nature makes it a valuable addition to the landscape, providing structure, texture, and color continuity throughout the year.

When selecting companion plants for Indian Hawthorn, it's essential to consider plants that share similar cultural requirements and complement its characteristics. Here are some excellent companion plants that pair well with Indian Hawthorn:

Liriope: Also known as Lilyturf, Liriope is a low-growing perennial with grass-like foliage and spikes of purple or white flowers. It contrasts beautifully with the dense, glossy foliage of Indian Hawthorn and adds texture to the landscape.

Dwarf Nandina: Dwarf varieties of Nandina, such as Nandina domestica 'Firepower,' feature compact growth and colorful foliage that complements Indian Hawthorn. The vibrant red or orange foliage of Dwarf Nandina provides year-round interest and adds visual appeal to the planting bed.

Azaleas: Azaleas are shade-loving shrubs that thrive in similar growing conditions as Indian Hawthorn. Their showy flowers in various shades of pink, white, or purple create a stunning display when planted alongside Indian Hawthorn, adding a pop of color to the landscape.

Dwarf Gardenias: Dwarf Gardenias, such as Gardenia jasminoides 'Radicans,' offer fragrant white flowers and glossy green foliage that complements the glossy leaves of Indian Hawthorn. Planting them together creates a lush, aromatic garden bed.

Dwarf Pittosporum: Dwarf varieties of Pittosporum, such as Pittosporum tobira 'Nana,' feature dense foliage and compact growth habits that blend well with Indian Hawthorn. Their evergreen foliage provides year-round interest and adds structure to the planting bed.

Heuchera: Heuchera, also known as Coral Bells, offers a wide range of colorful foliage options, including shades of green, purple, bronze, and silver. Planting Heuchera alongside Indian Hawthorn adds contrast and texture to the landscape while providing seasonal interest.

When selecting companion plants, consider factors such as sunlight exposure, soil moisture, and overall aesthetic appeal to create a harmonious and visually pleasing landscape design. By choosing plants that complement Indian Hawthorn's characteristics and cultural requirements, you can create a beautiful and cohesive garden bed.

Indian Hawthorn typically blooms in the spring, typically from late March to early May, depending on the specific climate and growing conditions in your region. However, the exact timing of blooming can vary based on factors such as local climate, temperature fluctuations, and plant maturity.

The flower buds of Indian Hawthorn often begin to develop in late winter or early spring, with the plant producing clusters of small, white or pink flowers. These blooms are usually quite fragrant and attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies.

To maximize blooming and ensure a vibrant display of flowers, provide the Indian Hawthorn with proper care throughout the growing season, including adequate sunlight, well-drained soil, and appropriate watering and fertilization. Additionally, avoid heavy pruning immediately before the blooming season, as this can remove potential flower buds and reduce flowering intensity.

Overall, Indian Hawthorn's blooming period adds a delightful burst of color and fragrance to the landscape, signaling the arrival of spring in many regions.

Pruning Indian Hawthorn is essential for maintaining its health, shape, and promoting optimal flowering. Here's a guide on how to prune Indian Hawthorn effectively:

Timing: The best time to prune Indian Hawthorn is immediately after flowering, typically in late spring or early summer. This timing allows you to remove spent blooms and shape the plant without sacrificing the next season's flowers.

Tools: Use sharp, clean pruning shears or hedge trimmers to make precise cuts and minimize the risk of disease transmission.

Remove Dead or Diseased Branches: Start by inspecting the plant for any dead, diseased, or damaged branches. Prune these back to healthy tissue or to the base of the plant if necessary, making clean cuts just above a healthy bud or branch junction.

Thinning: Thin out overcrowded branches to improve air circulation and light penetration within the canopy. Remove inward-growing or crossing branches to open up the center of the plant and promote better overall growth.

Shape: Indian Hawthorns can be pruned to maintain a compact, rounded shape or trained into a more formal hedge. Trim the outer branches to the desired shape, cutting just above a set of leaves or a node to encourage branching.

Size Control: If the Indian Hawthorn has outgrown its space, you can reduce its size by selectively pruning back long or unruly branches. Avoid drastic pruning, as this can stress the plant and affect flowering.

Cleanup: Once you've finished pruning, remove any debris from around the base of the plant to prevent disease buildup. Dispose of pruned branches properly, and consider composting if appropriate.

Maintenance: Regular maintenance pruning throughout the growing season can help keep the Indian Hawthorn tidy and encourage compact growth. Lightly trim back any stray branches or new growth as needed.

By following these pruning guidelines, you can help keep your Indian Hawthorn healthy, shapely, and ready to produce abundant blooms season after season. Adjust pruning intensity based on the specific needs and growth habits of your individual plant.

If your Indian Hawthorn isn't blooming, several factors could be contributing to this issue:

Insufficient Sunlight: Indian Hawthorns typically require full sun to partial shade to bloom prolifically. Ensure that the plant receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day to promote flowering.

Pruning at the Wrong Time: Indian Hawthorns typically bloom on last year's growth. Pruning at the wrong time, especially in late winter or spring, can remove potential flower buds. To encourage blooming, prune immediately after flowering in spring or early summer.

Nutritional Deficiencies: Lack of essential nutrients, particularly phosphorus, can hinder flowering. Consider fertilizing the plant with a balanced fertilizer high in phosphorus to promote blooming.

Over-fertilization: Excessive nitrogen fertilizer can promote lush foliage growth at the expense of flowering. Avoid over-fertilizing and opt for a balanced fertilizer specifically formulated for flowering shrubs.

Environmental Stress: Stress factors such as drought, waterlogging, or extreme temperatures can inhibit flowering. Ensure the plant is adequately watered during dry periods and protected from harsh environmental conditions.

Young Age: Young Indian Hawthorn plants may take a few years to establish before they start blooming. Be patient, as it may simply need more time to reach maturity and initiate flowering.

By addressing these potential issues and providing optimal growing conditions for your Indian Hawthorn, you can encourage it to bloom more abundantly.

Indian Hawthorn turning brown can be caused by several factors:

Watering Issues: Overwatering or underwatering can stress the plant, leading to browning of leaves. Ensure the soil is well-drained and water the plant consistently, avoiding waterlogged conditions.

Environmental Stress: Extreme temperatures, especially hot and dry conditions, can cause foliage to turn brown. Providing shade during intense sunlight and maintaining optimal humidity levels can mitigate this issue.

Disease and Pests: Indian Hawthorns are susceptible to various diseases such as fungal leaf spot or bacterial blight, as well as pests like aphids or spider mites. Inspect the plant regularly for signs of disease or infestation, and treat accordingly with appropriate fungicides or insecticides.

Nutritional Deficiencies: Lack of essential nutrients, particularly nitrogen, can result in brown leaves. Consider fertilizing the plant with a balanced fertilizer formulated for acid-loving plants to ensure proper nutrition.

Soil pH: Indian Hawthorns prefer acidic soil. If the soil pH is too high, it can inhibit nutrient uptake, leading to browning of leaves. Test the soil pH and amend it as necessary to maintain acidity.

To address the issue effectively, it's essential to identify the specific cause of browning in your Indian Hawthorn and take appropriate corrective measures.

Our Process

We have perfected packaging and shipping plants & trees! That is why we DO NOT use any third-party fulfillment like most other online retailers. Your trees go straight from our farm to your door, safely packaged by our team of seasoned professionals. Our process ensures your plants leave our facility and arrive to your door in the best condition possible!