Simply Trees

Agave Americana

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Twice a monthFull sunDeer resistant
  • Dramatic Foliage: Offers large, spiky leaves that create a dramatic and architectural presence in the garden.
  • Drought-Tolerant: Highly suited for xeriscaping and water-wise gardens, thriving in dry conditions.
  • Spectacular Flowering Event: Produces a stunning, tall flower spike after many years, often reaching up to 20 feet in height.
  • Also commonly known as the Century Plant

More Details

Agave Americana, commonly known as the Century Plant, is a striking and sculptural succulent, making a bold statement in any garden or landscape. This plant is renowned for its large, rosette-forming foliage that features sharp, pointed leaves with a distinctive blue-green hue. Agave Americana is a low-maintenance and drought-tolerant choice, thriving in a range of climates and requiring minimal care. It's an excellent selection for gardeners seeking to add architectural interest and a touch of desert beauty to their outdoor spaces.

Growth rate: Slow-growing; can reach a mature height and width of 6-10 feet.

Please note: Images on our website depict plants and trees at full maturity to showcase their expected grown characteristics. These images are illustrative examples only and do not represent the size of plants or trees upon delivery.

Pruning: Agave Americana generally does not require regular pruning, but you may remove spent flower stalks or damaged leaves if needed. Be cautious when pruning due to its sharp leaf edges.

Fertilization: Fertilize Agave Americana sparingly during the growing season, preferably in the spring. Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer, and avoid over-fertilizing, as excessive nutrients may lead to weak growth.

Winter Protection: In USDA Hardiness Zones 5-10, Agave Americana can generally withstand mild frosts, but providing some winter protection can be beneficial in colder zones. Consider using a frost cloth or moving potted specimens indoors during freezing temperatures.

When planting Agave Americana in a pot or in the ground, choose a location with full sun exposure and well-draining soil to ensure optimal growth. If planting in a pot, select a container with drainage holes to prevent waterlogged roots. In the ground, dig a hole slightly larger than the root ball and place the plant at the same depth as it was in its nursery container. Backfill with soil and gently tamp to remove air pockets. Water the newly planted agave deeply and then allow the soil to dry between waterings. In hot and dry climates, water more frequently, but be cautious not to overwater as it can lead to root rot. Agave Americana is highly drought-tolerant and will thrive in arid conditions.

Agave Americana requires minimal watering and thrives in full sun. Water sparingly; allowing soil to dry completely between waterings. It's well-suited for dry, sunny locations and is an excellent choice for water-conserving landscapes. Prefers full sun but can tolerate some partial shade, especially in extremely hot climates. Ensure the plant is situated in well-draining soil.

We process and ship your order as quickly as possible, typically within 1-3 business days. You will receive a shipping confirmation with tracking information once your item(s) ship.

We have perfected packaging and shipping plants & trees! That is why we DO NOT use any third-party fulfillment like most other online retailers. Your trees go straight from our farm to your door, safely packaged by our team of seasoned professionals. Our process ensures your plants leave our facility and arrive to your door in the best condition possible!

In cases of extreme cold or hot weather, we may temporarily delay shipping to ensure the well-being of your plants. Our primary focus is on delivering healthy and thriving plants to you. Rest assured, we'll make every effort to notify you of any delays promptly.

Please allow additional ship times during inclement weather and sale periods. We do not process or ship orders on the weekend or U.S. Holidays. Simply Trees is not responsible for delays due to carriers, local disruptions, or weather.

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At Simply Trees, we're committed to your satisfaction. If your plants arrive considerably damaged or sustained damage beyond the point of recovery, please contact us within five days at with clear photos for assistance. Our 30-day guarantee covers issues after planting, subject to our terms and conditions. We can't cover plants in the wrong climate or with inadequate care, but we're here to help in other situations. For a detailed understanding of our 30-day guarantee and how we ensure a fair process, click here to learn more.


Zones 8-11

Agave Americana is well-suited for USDA Zones 8-11, thriving in warm and dry climates. It is adaptable to various soil types, provided they are well-draining. This succulent is ideal for regions with hot summers and mild winters and can be grown in-ground in warmer zones or in containers in cooler areas to be moved indoors during winter.

Frequently Asked Questions

Agave americana, commonly known as the century plant, is a succulent that can vary in size depending on several factors, including its age, environmental conditions, and specific variety or cultivar. In general, here are the typical size ranges for Agave americana:

Height: When fully mature, Agave americana typically reaches a height of 2 to 4 feet. Some larger varieties or well-established specimens may occasionally grow taller, but they generally remain within this height range.

Spread: The spread, or width, of Agave americana is usually similar to its height, ranging from 2 to 4 feet. The plant's growth habit is characterized by a dense rosette of leaves that gradually spreads over time.

Leaf Size: The leaves of Agave americana can be quite large, with individual leaves typically ranging from 2 to 6 feet in length. The width of the leaves can also vary but is usually narrower than their length.

Overall Shape: The plant forms a symmetrical rosette of leaves with a central growth point. As it matures, the rosette becomes denser and more pronounced.

It's important to note that while these size ranges are typical for Agave americana, individual plants may exhibit slight variations based on their specific growing conditions and genetics. Additionally, the plant's size can vary depending on whether it is growing in the ground or in a container, as container-grown plants may remain smaller due to space limitations.

Agave americana is valued for its striking appearance and architectural qualities, making it a popular choice for xeriscape gardens, succulent gardens, and desert-themed landscapes. When planning its placement in your garden, consider its mature size and spacing requirements to create an aesthetically pleasing and well-organized landscape.

Agave americana, commonly known as the century plant, is a slow-growing succulent. Its growth rate is relatively modest compared to many other plant species. Several factors can influence the growth rate of Agave americana, including environmental conditions and care. Here are some general considerations regarding its growth rate:

First Few Years: In the initial years after planting, Agave americana often focuses on establishing its root system and producing a rosette of leaves. During this early phase, growth may be relatively slow, with the plant concentrating on building a solid foundation.

Maturation: As Agave americana matures, it may experience a more noticeable increase in growth. This includes the production of additional leaves, which gradually form the characteristic rosette shape. However, even during this phase, growth remains relatively slow compared to many other ornamental plants.

Flowering: Agave americana is monocarpic, which means it typically flowers only once in its lifetime, and flowering often marks the end of the plant's growth. The flowering phase can last several months and may occur after several decades, depending on growing conditions.

Size: When fully mature, Agave americana typically reaches a height of 2 to 4 feet with a similar spread. The size and growth rate can vary depending on factors such as climate, soil quality, and available moisture.

Factors Affecting Growth: The growth rate of Agave americana can be influenced by various factors, including sunlight, soil quality, temperature, and water availability. Providing optimal growing conditions can encourage more vigorous growth.

Maintenance: While Agave americana is generally low-maintenance, proper care, including regular watering (though sparingly), well-draining soil, and occasional fertilization, can support healthier growth.

Pups: In some cases, Agave americana may produce "pups" or offshoots at the base of the plant. These pups can grow into new plants, contributing to the overall growth and population of the species.

Overall, patience is key when growing Agave americana. It is not a plant that exhibits rapid growth, but its unique appearance and architectural qualities make it a valuable addition to xeriscape gardens and landscapes. With appropriate care and favorable conditions, you can enjoy the gradual growth and eventual flowering of this distinctive succulent.

Pruning Agave americana, commonly known as the century plant, is a straightforward process, and it primarily involves the removal of dead or damaged leaves. While Agave americana does not require extensive pruning, occasional maintenance can help improve the appearance and overall health of the plant. Here are the steps to prune an Agave americana:

Safety Precautions: Before you begin, ensure you have the necessary safety gear, including gloves and protective eyewear. Agave leaves are typically armed with sharp spines at their tips, which can cause injury if not handled carefully.

Inspect the Plant: Examine your Agave americana carefully to identify any dead or damaged leaves. These leaves may be discolored, withered, or broken. Additionally, look for any leaves that have completed their natural growth cycle and are beginning to decline.

Trim Dead or Damaged Leaves: Using a pair of sharp pruning shears or loppers, carefully cut away any dead or damaged leaves as close to the base of the plant as possible. Make clean, straight cuts to minimize the risk of injuring the healthy tissue.

Dispose of Pruned Material: Safely dispose of the pruned leaves in a way that prevents accidental contact with the sharp spines. You can either compost the removed leaves or discard them in a trash bag.

Minimal Shaping: Agave americana typically maintains its natural rosette shape without the need for extensive shaping or pruning. However, if you wish to tidy up the appearance of the plant, you can trim the outer leaves slightly to create a neater silhouette.

Leave New Growth: Avoid cutting or pruning the central growth point (the apical meristem) in the center of the rosette. This is where new leaves emerge, and removing it can harm the plant's ability to grow.

Maintenance: Repeat the pruning process as needed when you notice dead or damaged leaves. Typically, pruning is done sporadically, and the plant's natural growth habits are allowed to continue.

Protective Measures: While pruning, be cautious of the sharp spines on the leaves. Wear protective gear, and handle the pruned material carefully to avoid injury.

Remember that Agave americana is a slow-growing plant, and it does not require frequent pruning. Prune as necessary to maintain the plant's health and appearance, but avoid excessive trimming, as this can stress the plant. Proper care, including appropriate watering and sunlight, will contribute to the overall well-being of your Agave americana.

Agave americana, commonly known as the century plant, thrives in a warm and arid climate. It is well-suited to regions with characteristics of a Mediterranean or desert climate. Here are the key climate considerations that make for the best conditions for Agave americana:

Warm Temperatures: Agave americana prefers warm temperatures and is most comfortable in areas with mild to hot summers. It can withstand high temperatures and is adapted to hot, dry conditions.

Low Humidity: This succulent is well-suited for regions with low humidity levels. It does not thrive in environments with consistently high humidity, as it can be more susceptible to fungal issues under such conditions.

Mild Winters: While Agave americana is cold-hardy to some extent, it is best suited to regions with mild winter climates. It can tolerate light frost, but severe freezes can damage or kill the plant. In colder regions, provide winter protection.

Low Precipitation: Agave americana is drought-tolerant and can withstand extended periods of low rainfall. It prefers well-draining soil and can adapt to arid conditions. Avoid planting it in areas with excessive moisture or heavy, waterlogged soil.

Sunlight: This succulent thrives in full sun. It requires a location where it receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day to grow vigorously and maintain its characteristic shape.

Dry Summers: Regions with dry and sunny summers are ideal for Agave americana. These conditions promote its active growth and minimize the risk of fungal diseases associated with prolonged moisture.

Ideal regions for Agave americana include parts of the southwestern United States (e.g., Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas) and various desert and Mediterranean climates around the world. However, it's essential to consider local microclimates and variations within a region, as specific planting locations may offer slightly different conditions.

If you're outside the plant's natural range, you can still grow Agave americana successfully in containers or provide additional protection during extreme weather conditions to create a suitable microclimate for the plant's needs.

The best place to plant Agave americana (century plant) depends on the specific growing conditions and climate of your region. Agave americana is a versatile succulent that can thrive in a variety of environments, but there are some general guidelines to consider when choosing a planting location:

Sunlight: Agave americana prefers full sun to thrive. Plant it in a location where it receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. In areas with intense summer heat, partial shade during the hottest part of the day may be beneficial.

Soil: Ensure the soil is well-draining. Agave plants are susceptible to root rot in waterlogged soil. Sandy or sandy-loam soil types with good drainage are ideal. You can amend heavy clay soil with sand or perlite to improve drainage.

Climate: Agave americana is drought-tolerant and can withstand arid conditions. It is suitable for regions with hot and dry summers. It is also cold-hardy to a certain extent but may need protection in areas with severe winter frost.

Space: Consider the mature size of Agave americana when planting. It typically reaches a height of 2 to 4 feet with a similar spread. Provide enough space between plants to accommodate their size at maturity.

Air Circulation: Ensure there is good air circulation around the plant, especially if you live in a humid climate. This helps prevent fungal issues and maintains plant health.

Protection from Frost: In regions with occasional frost, provide protection during cold spells, such as covering the plant with a frost cloth or moving it to a sheltered location.

Landscape Design: Agave americana is often used as a focal point in xeriscape gardens, rock gardens, or desert-themed landscapes. Consider its architectural qualities and use it as an accent plant.

Container Gardening: If you have limited space or challenging soil conditions, Agave americana can be grown in containers. Ensure the container has good drainage and use a cactus/succulent potting mix.

Safety: Be mindful of the sharp spines at the tips of the leaves when choosing a planting location, especially if you have children or pets.

Overall, the best place to plant Agave americana is in a sunny, well-draining location suitable for its growth habits and environmental preferences. Proper care, including occasional watering and protection from extreme weather conditions, will help your Agave thrive in its chosen spot.

Agave americana, commonly known as the century plant, is not considered rare in terms of its overall population and distribution. It is a widespread and adaptable succulent plant that is native to various regions, including parts of the United States, Mexico, and other parts of the Americas. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in many parts of the world due to its striking appearance and architectural qualities.

However, the abundance of Agave americana can vary depending on specific regions and local factors. In some areas, it may be more commonly encountered, especially in regions with a favorable climate and where it is cultivated for landscaping purposes. In other regions, it may be less common or even absent, particularly in areas with extreme environmental conditions that are less suitable for its growth.

While Agave americana is not rare in the sense of being endangered or threatened, it is essential to consider local conservation efforts and regulations regarding the cultivation and removal of native plant species. In some cases, native populations of Agave americana may face challenges due to habitat loss, climate change, or other environmental factors, and conservation efforts may be needed to protect these populations.

Identifying what might be wrong with your Agave americana (century plant) can depend on the specific symptoms or issues you are observing. Agave plants can encounter various problems related to their care, environment, and health. Here are some common issues that can affect Agave americana and potential solutions:

Overwatering: Agave americana is a drought-tolerant plant and is susceptible to root rot if it's consistently overwatered. Ensure the soil is well-draining, and water sparingly. Allow the soil to dry out between waterings.

Underwatering: While Agave americana is drought-tolerant, it still requires some water, especially during dry periods. Make sure you're providing adequate moisture, particularly in the absence of rainfall.

Soil Quality: Ensure the soil is well-draining, as Agave plants are prone to root issues in waterlogged or compacted soil. Amending the soil with sand or perlite can improve drainage.

Sunlight: Agave americana prefers full sun to thrive. Ensure your plant is receiving at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day.

Pests: Check the leaves and base of the plant for signs of pests like aphids, mealybugs, or scale insects. Treat infestations with appropriate insecticidal soap or neem oil.

Disease: Agave plants can be susceptible to fungal diseases, especially if the environment is too humid or the soil is overly wet. Ensure proper air circulation around the plant and avoid overhead watering.

Winter Protection: In colder climates, protect your Agave americana from freezing temperatures, as extreme cold can damage or kill the plant. Provide winter insulation or move it to a sheltered location.

Nutrient Deficiency: Agave plants generally don't require heavy fertilization. However, if your plant is not thriving, you can apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in the spring.

Lack of Reproduction: Agave americana typically produces offsets or "pups" at its base as it matures. If your plant is not producing new growth, it may be nearing the end of its lifecycle.

To determine the specific issue affecting your Agave americana, closely inspect the plant for signs of pests, disease, or stress. Address any problems promptly to prevent further damage. Additionally, consider the plant's age and lifecycle, as flowering and eventual death are natural processes for this species.

Agave americana, commonly known as the century plant, typically blooms once in its lifetime, and the name "century plant" is somewhat misleading in this context. The plant doesn't necessarily take a century to bloom, but it does have a long flowering cycle, which can range from 10 to 30 years or more, depending on growing conditions and the specific plant.

Here's how the flowering cycle of Agave americana generally works:

Vegetative Growth: When Agave americana is young, it goes through a phase of vegetative growth, which involves producing a rosette of thick, succulent leaves.

Maturation: As the plant matures, it begins to allocate energy to the development of a flowering stalk, also known as a "quiote."

Flowering: The flowering stalk can grow rapidly, often reaching heights of 10 to 30 feet (3 to 9 meters) or more, depending on the variety and growing conditions. The flowers typically bloom at the top of the stalk and are often yellow or greenish-yellow.

Fruit and Seed Production: After flowering, Agave americana produces seeds, and the plant's energy is primarily directed toward this reproductive phase.

Death: Unfortunately, the process of flowering and seed production is energetically demanding for the plant, and it typically leads to the death of the individual rosette. However, the plant may produce offshoots or "pups" at its base before or during the flowering process, which can continue to grow and develop as new plants.

It's essential to note that while Agave americana has a reputation for being long-lived and slow to bloom, individual plants can vary in their exact timing of flowering. Factors such as climate, soil conditions, and local environment can influence the pace of flowering. Nonetheless, when an Agave americana does bloom, it is a striking and memorable event in the garden or landscape due to the towering flower stalk and the plant's unique appearance.

Agave americana and Aloe vera are two distinct plant species, and they are not the same. While they may share some superficial similarities, such as their succulent appearance and rosette-like growth patterns, they belong to different botanical families and have distinct characteristics.

Here are some key differences between Agave americana and Aloe vera:

Botanical Classification:
Agave americana belongs to the Agavaceae family and is commonly known as the century plant or American aloe.
Aloe vera, on the other hand, belongs to the Asphodelaceae family and is commonly known as aloe, true aloe, or medicinal aloe.

Agave americana has thick, succulent leaves that are typically grayish-green or bluish-green. These leaves are typically pointed and end in sharp spines or thorns.
Aloe vera has thick, fleshy leaves that are usually bright green and lance-shaped. The leaves of Aloe vera do not have sharp spines but may have small serrations along the edges.

Growth Habit:
Agave americana tends to grow as a large, symmetrical rosette of leaves and can be quite large, often over 6 feet (1.8 meters) in diameter.
Aloe vera forms smaller rosettes with shorter leaves, usually up to about 2 feet (0.6 meters) in diameter.

Agave americana is primarily grown as an ornamental plant and is not typically used for medicinal or cosmetic purposes.
Aloe vera is renowned for its medicinal and cosmetic properties. The gel inside the leaves of Aloe vera is used in various skincare products and is known for its soothing and healing properties.

Both plants can produce tall flower spikes when they mature, but the appearance and characteristics of their flowers differ.

In summary, while Agave americana and Aloe vera may look somewhat similar at a glance due to their succulent nature, they are distinct plant species with different characteristics, uses, and botanical classifications.

Tequila is made from the blue agave plant, specifically Agave tequilana, also known as Agave azul. This particular agave species is primarily cultivated in the Tequila region of Mexico, which is where the name "tequila" originates. While there are over 200 species of agave, including Agave americana, only the blue agave is legally allowed for use in the production of tequila according to Mexican regulations.

The process of making tequila involves harvesting the agave plants, extracting their sugar-rich juice, fermenting, and distilling it to produce the final spirit. The specific agave species, along with the region of cultivation and traditional production methods, are integral to the unique flavor and characteristics of tequila.

Our Process

We have perfected packaging and shipping plants & trees! That is why we DO NOT use any third-party fulfillment like most other online retailers. Your trees go straight from our farm to your door, safely packaged by our team of seasoned professionals. Our process ensures your plants leave our facility and arrive to your door in the best condition possible!