Simply Trees

Golden Bamboo

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Once a weekFull sunDeer resistant
  • Eye-Catching Golden Canes: Its signature golden-yellow canes are a striking focal point in any garden.
  • Fast Growth: Can reach heights of up to 30 feet and a width of 10-15 feet, making it excellent for tall screens or hedges.
  • Climate Adaptability: Thrives in USDA Zones 6-10, showcasing robust growth across a range of environmental conditions.
  • Also commonly known as Fishpole bamboo

More Details

Golden Bamboo, also known as Fishpole Bamboo and scientifically named Phyllostachys aurea, is a perennial grass that brings an exotic and serene elegance to any garden. Renowned for its striking golden-yellow canes and lush green foliage, it makes an ideal natural screen, windbreak, or dramatic focal point. With a high growth rate and adaptability to various climates, Golden Bamboo is perfect for gardeners who want to make a stunning, natural statement in their outdoor spaces.

Growth rate: Fast growth rate; can reach heights of up to 30 feet and a width of 10-15 feet. Adds 2-3 ft a year.

Please note: Images on our website depict plants and trees at full maturity to showcase their expected grown characteristics. These images are illustrative examples only and do not represent the size of plants or trees upon delivery.

Pruning: Remove any dead, damaged, or crowded canes at the base to improve airflow and encourage new growth. Pruning is best done in late winter to early spring.

Fertilization: Fertilize with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring to boost growth and improve cane color.

Winter Protection: In zones closer to its cold-hardiness limit, apply a thick layer of mulch around the base of the plant for added winter protection.

Select a planting area with well-drained soil and exposure to full sun or partial shade. Dig a hole about twice the size of the root ball, but no deeper. Amend the soil with organic matter if it's too sandy or clayey. Position the bamboo so the top of the root ball is level with the soil surface, then backfill and tamp down the soil to remove air pockets. Water thoroughly after planting. If you are creating a screen or hedge, space the plants 5 to 10 feet apart. To help conserve moisture and discourage weeds, apply a 2-3 inch layer of mulch around the base, avoiding direct contact with the stems.

While adaptable to various light conditions, Golden Bamboo thrives best in full sun, where its golden canes will be at their most vivid. Watering should be done deeply and consistently, especially during the establishment phase and hot, dry seasons, to encourage a robust root system and healthy growth.

We process and ship your order as quickly as possible, typically within 1-3 business days. You will receive a shipping confirmation with tracking information once your item(s) ship.

We have perfected packaging and shipping plants & trees! That is why we DO NOT use any third-party fulfillment like most other online retailers. Your trees go straight from our farm to your door, safely packaged by our team of seasoned professionals. Our process ensures your plants leave our facility and arrive to your door in the best condition possible!

In cases of extreme cold or hot weather, we may temporarily delay shipping to ensure the well-being of your plants. Our primary focus is on delivering healthy and thriving plants to you. Rest assured, we'll make every effort to notify you of any delays promptly.

Please allow additional ship times during inclement weather and sale periods. We do not process or ship orders on the weekend or U.S. Holidays. Simply Trees is not responsible for delays due to carriers, local disruptions, or weather.

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At Simply Trees, we're committed to your satisfaction. If your plants arrive considerably damaged or sustained damage beyond the point of recovery, please contact us within five days at with clear photos for assistance. Our 30-day guarantee covers issues after planting, subject to our terms and conditions. We can't cover plants in the wrong climate or with inadequate care, but we're here to help in other situations. For a detailed understanding of our 30-day guarantee and how we ensure a fair process, click here to learn more.


Zones 6-10

Golden Bamboo is a hardy and adaptable plant that flourishes in USDA Zones 6-10. It prefers well-drained, slightly acidic soil but can adapt to a range of soil types. The plant can withstand temperatures as low as -10°F, making it a good choice for colder climates as well.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, Golden Bamboo is considered invasive in many regions. This species is a type of running bamboo, which means it has a growth habit of spreading quickly and extensively through its underground rhizomes (root systems). This rapid and aggressive spreading can lead to Golden Bamboo overtaking native vegetation, gardens, and landscaped areas if not properly managed.

Golden Bamboo's invasiveness is characterized by its ability to spread beyond its intended area and its difficulty to control once established. It can quickly form dense thickets that displace native plants and alter local ecosystems. Therefore, if you're considering planting Golden Bamboo, it's important to be aware of its invasive nature and take steps to control its spread, such as installing root barriers and regularly maintaining the plant to keep it confined to the desired area. In some areas, its planting may be regulated or discouraged due to its invasive potential. Be sure to check with your HOA or community guidelines.

Golden Bamboo being a running type of bamboo, has the potential to spread quite extensively if not controlled. The underground rhizomes, which are horizontal stems that grow beneath the soil, can spread rapidly and emerge far from the original planting site.

The spread of Golden Bamboo can vary greatly depending on conditions like soil type, climate, and available space, but it's not uncommon for its rhizomes to extend 20 feet or more from the parent plant in a single growing season under ideal conditions. In some cases, the spread can be even greater if the bamboo is not adequately managed.

Due to this aggressive spreading nature, it's crucial to implement control measures if you're planting Golden Bamboo in a residential garden or near other sensitive areas. These measures can include installing root barriers around the planting area, regular monitoring and pruning of the rhizomes, and ensuring that the bamboo is contained within a designated space. Without such controls, Golden Bamboo can become invasive and problematic, encroaching on neighboring properties and natural areas.

Golden Bamboo typically reaches heights of about 20 to 30 feet, though in some cases, it can grow taller under ideal growing conditions. This species of bamboo is known for its dense growth and the distinctive golden-yellow color of its mature canes, which contributes to its popularity in landscapes and gardens.

The final height of Golden Bamboo can be influenced by several factors, including the soil quality, availability of water, climate, and overall growing conditions. In less than ideal conditions, it might not reach its maximum potential height. Despite this variability, Golden Bamboo is generally considered a tall bamboo species, making it suitable for use as a privacy screen, windbreak, or ornamental feature in a garden setting. However, due to its invasive nature as a running bamboo, it requires careful management to prevent unwanted spread.

Golden Bamboo grows rapidly both in height and width, but the specifics can vary depending on environmental conditions.

Height Growth Rate: In terms of vertical growth, Golden Bamboo can grow about 3 to 5 feet per year. This rate can be even higher in optimal conditions, with some reports of it growing several inches per day during the peak growing season. Generally, Golden Bamboo can reach its full mature height of 20 to 30 feet within 3 to 5 years.

Width Growth Rate: As a running bamboo, Golden Bamboo's horizontal spread through its rhizomes can be extensive. It can spread several feet in width each year, potentially more if not properly managed. This rapid horizontal expansion is why Golden Bamboo is often considered invasive.

Time to Full Mature Size: Reaching full mature height typically takes 3 to 5 years, as mentioned. However, the width or horizontal spread is continuous and can extend indefinitely if not contained. To prevent uncontrolled spreading, measures like root barriers or regular pruning of the rhizomes are essential.

These growth rates are approximate and can be influenced by factors like soil quality, watering practices, climate, and overall care. Golden Bamboo's fast growth makes it a popular choice for quick screens or hedges, but its potential invasiveness requires careful management.

Controlling Golden Bamboo, a running bamboo species known for its aggressive spreading, is crucial to prevent it from becoming invasive. Here are effective strategies to manage and control its growth:

Install Root Barriers: One of the most effective methods is to install root barriers around the planting area. These barriers should be made of a durable material like high-density polyethylene and should be at least 24-36 inches deep. They should also protrude a few inches above the soil to prevent rhizomes from jumping over the top.

Regular Rhizome Pruning: Regularly inspect the perimeter of your bamboo planting and physically cut any rhizomes that attempt to cross the barrier. This pruning is typically done in the late summer or early fall when the rhizomes are most actively growing.

Selective Culm Removal: Prune and thin the bamboo clump by removing older culms (stalks) to encourage air circulation and light penetration, which can help manage its overall health and vigor.

Controlled Watering: Be mindful of watering practices. Overwatering can encourage more aggressive growth. Water the bamboo just enough to keep it healthy.

Nutrient Management: Moderate the use of fertilizers. Excessive nutrients can stimulate rapid growth. Use fertilizers judiciously, providing just enough to maintain the plant without promoting rampant expansion.

Mowing and Cutting: If bamboo starts to invade areas outside of its designated space, frequent mowing or cutting of the new shoots can weaken the plant and reduce its ability to spread.

Physical Removal: For unwanted bamboo growth, physically removing the rhizomes and roots is necessary. This process can be labor-intensive and may require multiple attempts, as bamboo is resilient and can regrow from remnants of rhizomes left in the soil.

Monitoring and Maintenance: Regularly inspect the area around your bamboo planting for any signs of spreading. Early detection of new shoots or rhizomes will make control efforts more manageable.

Chemical Control: In extreme cases, where physical methods are not feasible or effective, chemical control using herbicides may be considered. This should be done carefully and as a last resort, following all safety guidelines and local regulations.

Controlling Golden Bamboo requires diligence and ongoing effort. If you're planting this species, be prepared for regular maintenance to keep it contained. In some cases, especially in small gardens or close to property boundaries, choosing a less invasive, clumping bamboo species might be a better option.

Cutting back bamboo does not directly make it grow faster in the sense of accelerating the growth rate of individual culms (bamboo stalks). However, pruning or cutting back bamboo can have several beneficial effects that contribute to the overall health and vigor of the plant, which can indirectly influence its growth:

Encourages New Growth: Pruning older culms can stimulate the bamboo to produce new shoots. These new shoots often grow more quickly and vigorously because the plant isn't expending resources on maintaining older, less productive culms.

Improves Light and Air Circulation: Removing dense, older growth can improve light penetration and air circulation within the clump. This can be beneficial for the overall health of the bamboo, as it reduces the risk of fungal diseases and allows the plant to photosynthesize more efficiently.

Redirects Energy: Cutting back bamboo can help redirect the plant’s energy from sustaining older culms to producing new, healthier growth.

Shape and Size Control: Regular pruning helps maintain the desired shape and size of the bamboo, ensuring it doesn't become overgrown. This management can keep the bamboo healthier and better-looking.

Vigor Maintenance: Regularly removing dead or weak culms keeps the bamboo vigorous and healthy, which can indirectly support faster growth of new shoots.

It's important to prune bamboo correctly, which typically involves cutting culms at ground level and avoiding over-pruning. Over-pruning or cutting bamboo too drastically can stress the plant and reduce its vigor. Always ensure that a significant portion of healthy growth remains after pruning.

The spacing for planting running bamboo, such as Golden Bamboo, depends on your specific goals and the local growing conditions. Running bamboo can be quite invasive and tends to spread rapidly through underground rhizomes. To control its spread and prevent it from taking over your garden, you can follow these guidelines:

Containment: The most effective way to control running bamboo is to plant it within a physical barrier, such as a rhizome barrier or a concrete trench. This will restrict its spread and prevent it from invading other areas.

Spacing: If you choose not to use a containment barrier, you can space the bamboo plants at least 5 to 10 feet apart. This spacing allows the bamboo to grow into individual clumps, which are easier to manage. However, even with this spacing, you should be prepared for some spread over time.

Maintenance: Regularly monitor the bamboo's growth and remove any new shoots that emerge outside the desired area. This will help keep it in check and prevent it from spreading too far.

Pruning: Pruning the bamboo by cutting back the new shoots as they emerge can also help control its spread. Be sure to remove any shoots that are not within the designated area.

Rhizome Pruning: Periodically, you can dig around the bamboo clump to cut and remove the rhizomes that are spreading beyond the desired boundary. This can be a labor-intensive process and may need to be done every few years.

Remember that running bamboo can be quite persistent, so it's important to stay vigilant in its maintenance to prevent it from becoming invasive. Additionally, local climate and soil conditions can affect the growth and spread of bamboo, so it's a good idea to consult with local experts or extension offices for specific recommendations based on your location.

Maintaining a Golden Bamboo plant involves several key practices to ensure its health and prevent it from becoming invasive. Here are some maintenance tips:

Pruning and Thinning:
Regularly prune the bamboo to remove dead or damaged canes (culms) and thin out any overcrowded growth to improve air circulation and light penetration. Pruning should be done in late summer or early fall when the plant is less active. Avoid cutting new shoots in spring, as this can weaken the plant.

Bamboo prefers consistently moist, well-drained soil. Water your bamboo regularly, especially during dry spells, to keep the soil consistently moist. Avoid overwatering or allowing the roots to sit in waterlogged soil.

Bamboo benefits from periodic fertilization to support its growth. Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in the spring or early summer. Avoid excessive nitrogen, as it can promote excessive leaf growth at the expense of the canes.

Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the bamboo to help retain moisture, regulate soil temperature, and suppress weed growth. Avoid piling mulch against the base of the bamboo culms, as this can lead to rot.

Controlling Spread:
If you didn't install a physical barrier (rhizome barrier) during planting, regularly check for rhizomes spreading beyond their desired area and cut them back to contain the bamboo's growth. Be vigilant about removing new shoots that emerge outside the designated area.

Pest and Disease Management:
Keep an eye out for signs of pests or diseases, such as scale insects, aphids, or fungal infections, and take appropriate measures to control them. Insecticidal soap or neem oil can be used for controlling some pests.

Golden Bamboo prefers full to partial sunlight. Ensure it receives adequate light for healthy growth. If it becomes shaded by nearby trees or structures, consider pruning or thinning to allow more light in.

Winter Protection:
In colder climates, provide protection for bamboo during harsh winters. Mulch heavily around the base of the plant to insulate the roots. Consider wrapping the canes in burlap or another protective material to shield them from winter winds and snow.

Regular Monitoring:
Regularly inspect your bamboo for any signs of stress, disease, or insect damage. Early detection and intervention can prevent more significant issues.

By following these maintenance practices, you can enjoy the beauty of your Golden Bamboo while keeping it healthy and manageable in your garden. Remember that bamboo can be quite vigorous, so consistent care and containment efforts are essential to prevent it from becoming invasive.

Golden Bamboo and Golden Goddess Bamboo are two different species of bamboo with distinct characteristics and growth habits. Here are the main differences between the two:

Botanical Classification:
Golden Bamboo (Phyllostachys aurea) belongs to the genus Phyllostachys and is a running bamboo. It is known for its invasive and spreading growth habit through underground rhizomes.
Golden Goddess Bamboo (Bambusa multiplex 'Golden Goddess') belongs to the genus Bambusa and is a clumping bamboo. Clumping bamboos tend to grow in compact, non-invasive clumps.

Growth Habit:
Golden Bamboo is a running bamboo, which means it sends out underground rhizomes that can spread over a wide area if not properly contained.
Golden Goddess Bamboo is a clumping bamboo, and it forms tight, non-invasive clumps. It does not spread as aggressively as running bamboo.

Culm Color:
Golden Bamboo typically has green canes (culms) with occasional golden-yellow stripes or accents on the culms, especially when they are young.
Golden Goddess Bamboo is known for its bright golden-yellow culms, which give it a distinctive and attractive appearance.

Golden Bamboo can grow quite tall, often reaching heights of 20 to 30 feet or more, depending on growing conditions.
Golden Goddess Bamboo is generally shorter, typically reaching heights of 10 to 15 feet. Its compact growth makes it suitable for smaller gardens.

Climate Tolerance:
Golden Bamboo (Phyllostachys aurea) is more cold-hardy and can tolerate colder temperatures compared to Golden Goddess Bamboo.
Golden Goddess Bamboo (Bambusa multiplex 'Golden Goddess') is less cold-tolerant and is better suited to mild or subtropical climates.

Golden Bamboo is considered invasive in many regions due to its running growth habit, which can make it challenging to contain without proper measures like rhizome barriers.
Golden Goddess Bamboo is less invasive and easier to control since it forms clumps rather than spreading through underground rhizomes.

In summary, while both Golden Bamboo and Golden Goddess Bamboo have "golden" in their names and share a yellow or golden coloration in their culms, they are different species with distinct growth habits, cold tolerance, and invasiveness. Golden Bamboo is a running bamboo, while Golden Goddess Bamboo is a clumping bamboo that is more suitable for smaller gardens and milder climates.

Golden Bamboo typically has green canes with occasional golden-yellow stripes or accents on the culms, especially when they are young. These golden-yellow markings can give the bamboo a distinctive appearance and are part of the reason for its common name "Golden Bamboo." However, the predominant color of the culms is green, and the intensity and prominence of the golden-yellow coloration can vary from one plant to another. The golden-yellow coloration is often more pronounced on new shoots and may fade somewhat as the culms mature.

The leaves of Golden Bamboo are typically dark green in color. The combination of the green leaves and the occasional golden-yellow stripes or accents on the green culms gives this bamboo species its distinctive and attractive appearance.

Our Process

We have perfected packaging and shipping plants & trees! That is why we DO NOT use any third-party fulfillment like most other online retailers. Your trees go straight from our farm to your door, safely packaged by our team of seasoned professionals. Our process ensures your plants leave our facility and arrive to your door in the best condition possible!